The research I plan to pursue is the effectiveness of promoting individualism or collectivism in a workplace environment. Both value styles are mainly applied to aspects of society and community but I want to determine if one is preferred over the other in the workforce. The differences in how individualists and collectivists are motivated, deal with conflict, and levels of productivity will be researched and applied to my conclusion. My intent to further research this topic is due to my interest in workplace satisfaction and motivation. Rather than researching different theories that I have previously been exposed to, I feel there may be a possibility that different aspects of each could be combined to create a healthy workplace environment. With this research I will be able to apply the concepts gathered from journals to my future career.
Several studies have investigated the effects of personality traits on job satisfaction and work strain. The personality of individuals affects how they perceive the impact of job satisfaction and work stress. Furthermore personality is influenced by cultural background. One study that I had discovered surveyed 626 nurses from collectivist and individualist societies to find out the possible difference in the role of affective dispositions in self-reported job satisfaction and work strain between these two cultural orientations (Journal). In another scenario-based study using Mexican and U.S. samples, when a team member was perceived to be an in-group (rather than an out-group) member, collectivists evaluated that member significantly more generously than did individualists. These are just two samples of the many sources of literature that I have considered to apply to my research (International).
My plan to use the review of literature is to advance my professional development of the presented topic. The research can help me conclude that collectivism or individualism is best to promote in the workplace. Considering that people come from different cultural backgrounds, initially I would like to select the most productive aspects of both styles and combine them to create a comfortable work environment. The variety of studies that have been conducted appear to have great relevance to the research being executed.
With the results I intend to use the ideas in my future career. This topic relates to my chosen education in business and social sciences, where I have been introduced to individualism and collectivism in passing. Since I already obtain basic knowledge of the concepts I think it is important to emphasize on the cultures of employee backgrounds and incorporate these values to promote affectivity. Having a further knowledge will better inform me on how to motivate and how to resolve issues that may arise such as workplace conflict. In the long term I hope to be more aware of different cues that could help me determine if a person falls into a collectivist or individualist value structure, and rather than passing judgment use those cues to enable them to succeed.
This line of study has enhanced my quality of life and hopefully will influence others to being more open and understanding in the different ways people operate. Colleagues, teammates, teachers and other peers may not necessarily have the same thought process as one another but that doesn’t mean they are wrong nor right. People are a product of their environment and learning to work alongside each other and encourage success is important. Going beyond appearances and gathering a deeper understanding of why people are the way they are can be beneficial to all parties involved, not only in the workplace but life in general. This inquiry is just a miniscule concept in the study of social sciences but will hopefully have an immense positive effect on understanding human behaviors.
Latham, G. P. (2012). Work motivation: history, theory, research, and practice (2nd ed.). Thousand Oaks, Calif.: SAGE
International Journal of Psychology . Feb99, Vol. 34 Issue 1, p19-28. 10p.
Academy of Management Journal . Dec2000, Vol. 43 Issue 6, p1097-1106. 10p